Abril-Junio 2019 78
ISSN 1317-987X


Monografías docentes
La tos en el paciente pediátrico

Referencias bibliográficas

  1. Gibson P, Chang A et al. CICADA: Cough in Children and Adults: Diagnosis and Assessment. Australian Cough Guidelines summary statement. MJA 2010, número 5; 192: 265–271.
  2. Murtagh J. Murtagh’s general practice. 4th ed. Sydney: McGraw Hill, 2007.
  3. Guyatt GH, Oxman AD, Kunz R, et al. Going from evidence to recommendations. BMJ 2008; 336: 1049-1051.
  4. Jaeschke R, Guyatt GH, Dellinger P, et al. Use of GRADE grid to reach decisions on clinical practice guidelines when consensus is elusive. BMJ. 2008; 337: a744.
  5. Widdicombe J, Eccles R, Fontana G. Supramedullary influences on cough. Respir Physiol Neurobiol 2006; 152: 320-328.
  6. Canning BJ. Encoding of the cough reflex. Pulm Pharmacol Ther 2007; 20: 396-401.
  7. Lee PC, Cotterill-Jones C, Eccles R. Voluntary control of cough. Pulm Pharmacol Ther 2002; 15: 317-320.
  8. Nishino T, Tagaito Y, Isono S. Cough and other reflexes on irritation of airway mucosa in man. Pulm Pharmacol 1996; 9: 285-292.
  9. Lee MG, Undem BJ. Basic mechanisms of cough: current understanding and remaining questions. Lung 2008; 186 Suppl 1: S10-S16.
  10. Marchant JM, Newcombe PA, Juniper EF, et al. What is the burden of chronic cough for families? Chest 2008; 134: 303-309.
  11. Britt H, Miller GC, Knox S, et al. General practice activity in Australia 2003–2004. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2004. (AIHW Cat. No. GEP 16; General Practice Series No. 16.)
  12. Irwin RS, French CT, Fletcher KE. Quality of life in coughers. Pulm Pharmacol Ther 2002; 15: 283-286.
  13. Birring SS, Matos S, Patel RB, et al. Cough frequency, cough sensitivity and health status in patients with chronic cough. Respir Med 2006; 100: 1105-1109.
  14. McGarvey LP, Carton C, Gamble LA, et al. Prevalence of psychomorbidity among patients with chronic cough. Cough 2006; 2: 4.
  15. Chang AB, Landau LI, Van Asperen PP, et al. Cough in children: definitions and clinical evaluation. Position statement of the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand. Med J Aust 2006; 184: 398-403.
  16. Pavord ID, Chung KF. Management of chronic cough. Lancet 2008; 371: 1375-1384.
  17. Chang AB. Cough: are children really different to adults? Cough 2005; 1: 7.
  18. Brand PL, Duiverman EJ. Coughing and wheezing children: improvement after parents stop smoking. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 1998; 142: 825-827.
  19. Dicpinigaitis PV. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced cough: ACCP Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines. Chest 2006; 129 (1 Suppl): 169S-173S.
  20. Butler CC, Kinnersley P, Hood K, et al. Clinical course of acute infection of the upper respiratory tract in children: cohort study. BMJ 2003; 327: 1088-1089.
  21. GINA Asthma - Global Initiative for Asthma 2020
  22. Fitzmaurice DA. Written information for treating minor illness. BMJ 2001; 322: 1193-1194.
  23. Little P, Somerville J, Williamson I, et al. Randomised controlled trial of self management leaflets and booklets for minor illness provided by post. BMJ 2001; 322: 1214-1216, 1217.
  24. Marchant JM, Morris P, Gaffney J, Chang AB. Antibiotics for prolonged moist cough in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2005; (4): CD004822.
  25. Chang AB, Redding GJ, Everard ML. Chronic wet cough: protracted bronchitis, chronic suppurative lung disease and bronchiectasis. Pediatr Pulmonol 2008; 43: 519-531.
  26. National Asthma Council Australia. Asthma management handbook 2006. Melbourne: NACA, 2006.
  27. Gibson PG, Fujimura M, Niimi A. Eosinophilic bronchitis: clinical manifestations and implications for treatment. Thorax 2002; 57: 178-182.
  28. Taylor DR, Pijnenburg MW, Smith AD, de-Jongste JC. Exhaled nitric oxide measurements: clinical application and interpretation. Thorax 2006; 61: 817-827.
  29. Wallace DV, Dykewicz MS, Bernstein DI, et al. The diagnosis and management of rhinitis: an updated practice parameter. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2008; 122 (2 Suppl): S1-S84.
  30. Chang AB, Peake J, McElrea M. Anti-histamines for prolonged non-specific cough in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008; (2): CD005604.
  31. Campanella SG, Asher MI. Current controversies: sinus disease and the lower airways. Pediatr Pulmonol 2001; 31: 165-172.
  32. Kemp AS. Does post-nasal drip cause cough in childhood? Paediatr Respir Rev 2006; 7: 31-35.
  33. Baik I, Kim J, Abbott RD, et al. Association of snoring with chronic bronchitis. Arch Intern Med 2008; 168: 167-173.
  34. Birring SS, Ing AJ, Chan K, et al. Obstructive sleep apnoea: a cause of chronic cough. Cough 2007; 3: 7.
  35. Bonnet R, Jörres R, Downey R, et al. Intractable cough associated with the supine body position. Effective therapy with nasal CPAP. Chest 1995; 108: 581-585.
  36. Gibson PG, Vertigan AE. Speech pathology for chronic cough: a new approach. Pulm Pharmacol Ther 2009; 22: 159-162.
  37. Vertigan AE, Theodoros DG, Gibson PG, Winkworth AL. Efficacy of speech pathology management for chronic cough: a randomised placebo controlled trial of treatment efficacy. Thorax 2006; 61: 1065-1069.
  38. Vakil N, van Zanten SV, Kahrilas P, et al. The Montreal definition and classification of gastroesophageal reflux disease: a global evidence-based consensus. Am J Gastroenterol 2006; 101: 1900-1920.
  39. Gatta L, Vaira D, Sorrenti G, et al. Meta-analysis: the efficacy of proton pump inhibitors for laryngeal symptoms attributed to gastro-esophageal reflux disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2007; 25: 385-392.
  40. Chang AB, Lasserson TJ, Gaffney J, et al. Gastro-oesophageal reflux treatment for prolonged non-specific cough in children and adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006; (4): CD004823.
  41. Swoger J, Ponsky J, Hicks DM, et al. Surgical fundoplication in laryngopharyngeal reflux unresponsive to aggressive acid suppression: a controlled study. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2006; 4: 433-441.
  42. Marchant JM, Masters IB, Taylor SM, et al. Evaluation and outcome of young children with chronic cough. Chest 2006; 129: 1132-1141.

La tos en el paciente pediátrico
Mecanismos de defensa
Fases de la tos
Diagnóstico y evaluación
Tratamiento y conclusión
Referencias bibliográficas

NOTA: Toda la información que se brinda en este artículo es de carácter investigativo y con fines académicos y de actualización para estudiantes y profesionales de la salud. En ningún caso es de carácter general ni sustituye el asesoramiento de un médico. Ante cualquier duda que pueda tener sobre su estado de salud, consulte con su médico o especialista.

Instituto de Medicina Tropical - Facultad de Medicina - Universidad Central de Venezuela.
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