Enero - Marzo 2006 26
ISSN 1317-987X
 
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Investigación biomédica
Enfermedades y estilos de vida: prevención e intervención en enfermedades cardiovasculares, diabetes y cáncer

Conferencia inaugural

Non-communicable disease and lifestyles:
Contributions and challenges for behavioral medicine
Ph.D. Antti Uutela. Finlandia
Presidente de la Sociedad Internacional de Medicina Conductual (ISBM)
E-mail: antti.uutela@ktl.fi
 
A new epidemic involving lifestyle dependent non communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes seems to be spreading globally together with elevating BMI. The major causes for this epidemic, that I will be deal with my presentation, lay in the fact that natural selection made humans to excel in environments requiring regular physical activity of at least moderate kind while they had to survive with limited energy intake.
 
At present, increasingly societies move into sedentary direction but at the same time providing oversupply of energy in easily digested packages. Ergo, increase of conditions mentioned above. Abundant, but not yet sufficient evidence in behavioral medicine exists that lifestyle together with the genetic make-up of the population influences non-communicable disease morbidity and mortality quite substantially. Part of this evidence that is by no means uniform but culturally dependent involves consequences of the interplay between genes, environments and lifestyle. The cultural dependence of the results is certainly one reason of the continuation of this study strain. The suggested causes for the elevation of non-communicable disease risks at present are perhaps not changeable or at least not easily changeable because the material base of our living seems to rest on the auspices they provide.

That is why a great effort should be directed to prevention, treatment and rehabilitation that all have been identified as major foci of behavioral medicine. My presentation will include few examples from successful policies and programs on international, national community, group and individual levels that already exist. I also want to explore, and expose some useful future directions of behavioral medicine research to deal with some remaining challenges for non-communicable disease prevention.

Presentación
Conferencia inaugural
Conferencias magistrales
Simposia (diabetes)
Simposia (obesidad y diabetes)
Simposia (cáncer)
Simposia (enfermedades cardiovasculares en niños y adolescentes)
Simposia (prevención y promoción de la salud)
Mini simposia
Talleres
Carteles interactivos
Carteles interactivos (II)
Carteles interactivos (yIII)

NOTA: Toda la información que se brinda en este artículo es de carácter investigativo y con fines académicos y de actualización para estudiantes y profesionales de la salud. En ningún caso es de carácter general ni sustituye el asesoramiento de un médico. Ante cualquier duda que pueda tener sobre su estado de salud, consulte con su médico o especialista.





Instituto de Medicina Tropical - Facultad de Medicina - Universidad Central de Venezuela.
Elaborado por el Centro de Análisis de Imágenes Biomédicas Computarizadas CAIBCO,
caibco@ucv.ve
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