Enero-Marzo 2018 73
ISSN 1317-987X
 
Buscar




Artículos
 
Lisa Allen
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

Eric Jauniaux
EGA Institute for Womens Health, Faculty of Population Health Sciences, University College London, London, UK

Sebastian Hobson
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

Jessica Papillon-Smith
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

Michael A. Belfort
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Childrens Pavilion for Women, Texas Medical Center, Houston, TX, USA




Obstetricia
FIGO consensus guidelines on placenta accreta spectrum disorders: Nonconservative surgical management
Fecha de recepción: 08/03/2018
Fecha de aceptación:
01/04/2018




Title
FIGO consensus guidelines on placenta accreta spectrum disorders: Nonconservative surgical management


For more than half a century after the first case series of placenta accreta was reported in 1937,the main and often only approach to management was a cesarean hysterectomy. This approach had the advantage of reducing the immediate risks of major hemorrhage associated with accreta placentation at a time when there was no
access to blood transfusion.

Over the last two decades, a variety of conservative options for the management of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders have evolved, each with varying rates of success, and peripartum and secondary complications.24 In a recent systematic review and meta- analysis of the outcome of placenta previa accreta diagnosed prenatally, 208
out of 232 (89.7%) cases had an elective or emergent cesarean hysterectomy.As a result of a lack of randomized clinical trials, the optimal management of PAS disorders remains undefined and is determined by the capacity to diagnose invasive placentation preoperatively, local expertise, depth of villous invasion, and presenting symptoms.4

In cases of high suspicion for PAS disorders during cesarean delivery, the majority of members of the Society for Maternal- Fetal Medicine (SMFM) proceed with hysterectomy and only 15%32% report conservative management.6,7

However, there is considerable practice variation reported on aspects of care aroun delivery and hysterectomy by both obstetricians and maternal- fetal medicine
specialists.6,8

There is also wide variation between high- incomecountries and low- and middle- income countries owing to limited or no access to specialist care and essentia additiona treatment, such as blood products for transfusion. Hysterectomy remains the definitive surgical treatment for PAS disorders, especially for its invasive forms, and a primary elective cesarean hysterectomy is the safest and most practical option for most low- and middle- income countries where diagnostic, follow- up, and additional treatments are not available. In this chapter, we review the evidence- based data onnonconservative surgery (i.e. cesarean hysterectomy) for the management of PAS disorders.




NOTA: Toda la informacin que se brinda en este artculo es de carcter investigativo y con fines acadmicos y de actualizacin para estudiantes y profesionales de la salud. En ningn caso es de carcter general ni sustituye el asesoramiento de un mdico. Ante cualquier duda que pueda tener sobre su estado de salud, consulte con su mdico o especialista.





Instituto de Medicina Tropical - Facultad de Medicina - Universidad Central de Venezuela.
Elaborado por el Centro de Análisis de Imágenes Biomédicas Computarizadas CAIBCO,
caibco@ucv.ve
Este portal ha sido desarrollado gracias al apoyo del Fonacit